English bulldog standard

 
 
The English bulldog

 


Appearance

The English Bulldog Appearance
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Build:
Heavy musculature, thick-set neck and shoulders, low-slung body.
Weight:
53-55 pounds (24-25kg.) within United Kingdom.
Height:
11-14 inches.
Coat:
Short, smooth.
Color:
Red, fawn, brindle, pale yellow or washed-out red, or white, or any combination of these colors.
Head:
Thick, massive, short-faced, broad, with cheeks extending to sides of the eyes, skin on the skull and forehead falling in dense folds, muzzle short and pug, nose broad and black with large nostrils, upper lip pendent and lower jaw very undershot.
Teeth:
Large, strong.
Eyes:
Very round, far apart and very dark.
Ears:
Small and thin, folded back in the form of a rose.
Tail:
Short and carries low.
Limbs:
Stocky, set squarely.
Feet:
Moderate, compact, firmly set.
Life span:
Median 10 years.

Its shape results in a peculiarly unusual gait (dog), often called a "rolling gait".English Bulldogs are known for their short muzzles and the saggy skin on their faces, creating the apparent "frown" that has become a trademark of the breed. Bulldogs come in a variety of colours and ideally have a smooth, short coat. The only disqualifier for the English Bulldog breed in the show ring is a liver colored nose; however, a black-coated English bulldog is also not preferred. In the US, the size of a typical mature English Bulldog male is about 50 pounds; that for mature English Bulldog females is about 40 pounds. In the United Kingdom, the English Bulldog breed standard is 55 pounds for an English Bulldog male and 50 pounds for an English Bulldog female.

The "ideal" or show quality English Bulldog is medium in size, smooth coat, stout and sturdy body, a large head with a short-smushed face, broad shoulders and thick-set legs. Think of a tow-truck and you have a general idea of what these cute, stubby guys will remind you of.

Their weight should be around 50 pounds for full grown males, and 40 pounds for mature females. If yours is considerably heavier or lighter, say 10% or more either way, please consult with your veterinarian for an appropriate diet to remedy their weight problem.

English Bulldogs come in a variety of colors from solids to brindles to piebalds with the red brindle generally considered the most ?prized? for the show ring.

In fact, just their appearance is enough to ward off most intruders whether animal or human.

Temperament and characteristics of the English Bulldog

Contrary to popular beliefs, the temperament of the English bulldog is generally docile, friendly and gregarious but are known to be fiercely loyal and occasionally willful.English Bulldog Breeders have worked to breed aggression out of the breed, and as such the English Bulldog is known to be of generally good temperament.English Bulldogs can be so attached to home and family that they will not venture out of the yard without a human companion. Due to their friendly nature English bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other breeds of dog and any house-broken pet in general.

An English Bulldog is suitable for houses as well as apartments due to their size and comparative lack of energy, but English Bulldog Puppies may be destructive until they reach maturity.The English Bulldog Puppy is easily trainable as compared with many other breeds.

The temperament of an English Bulldog is not at all similar to their looks. Their disposition is sweet and docile, and they are very brave and loyal to their owners.

 

The English Bulldogs' Health

An English Bulldog's skull - notice the characteristic underbite (technically called mandibular prognathism)
The English Bulldog is prone to health issues. Breathing issues can be prevalent in the English Bulldog breed due to the shape of the "undershot" lower jaw and the shortness of muzzle, which was originally bred for gripping. In particular, English bulldogs are known to snore. In the United Kingdom, some English Bulldogs can be prone to interstitial cysts, which are cysts which form between the toes. These cause the English Bulldog some discomfort, though they are treatable either by vet or an experienced owner. Other problems can include cherry eye, certain allergies, and amongst older English bulldogs hip issues.

Because The English Bulldog has a large head in proportion to body size, English Bulldog Puppies are frequently delivered by Caesarean section as they can get stuck in the birth canal during natural birth. However, it is not uncommon for a bulldog to whelp naturally and successfully.

English Bulldogs require daily cleaning of their face folds to avoid unwanted infections caused by moisture accumulation. Daily teeth brushing with a regular human soft toothbrush using a vet approved toothpaste is also recommended.

Like all dogs,English Bulldogs require daily exercise. If not properly exercised the English bulldog could gain weight, which could cause health problems relating to the lungs and heart.English Bulldogs are extremely sensitive to heat and cold and great care should be given to the dog during overly warm periods. During these times, the owner should ensure that the English Bulldog has plenty of shade, water and should be ideally kept out of standing heat.

As the English Bulldog Breed has developed, the tail in some dogs can be tight to the body and can cause infection if not treated or cleaned underneath regularly.

 


History

The term "bulldog" was first used around 1568[1] and might have been applied to various ancestors of modern bulldog breeds. English Bulldogs were bred in England as a cross between the mastiff and the pug.

In the 1600s, English bulldogs were used for bullbaiting (as well as bearbaiting), a gambling sport popular in the 17th century with wagers laid in which trained English bulldogs leapt at a bull lashed to a post, latched onto its snout and attempted to suffocate it.[2] English Bulldogs have many distinct characteristics that were bred into them so they would be better suited to bullbaiting. The English bulldog's body is short, low to the ground and compact, allowing it to be able to scuttle or crawl low under the bull's horns. The lower jaw sticks out further than the top one allowing the bulldog to grip on the nose of the animal and still be able to breathe due to the lay-back of the nose. The wrinkles on the English bulldogs face allow the blood from the other animal to run down the ENglish bulldogs face instead of going into its eyes.

The oldest single breed specialty club is The Bulldog Club (England), which was formed in 1875. Members of this club met frequently at the Blue Post pub on Oxford Street in London. There they wrote the first standard of perfection for the English Bulldog breed. In 1891 the two top English bulldogs, Orry and Dockleaf, competed in a contest to see which dog could walk the farthest. Orry was reminiscent of the original bulldogs, lighter boned and very athletic. Dockleaf was smaller and heavier set, more like modern bulldogs. Dockleaf was declared the winner that year. Although some argued that the older version of the bulldog was more fit to perform, the modern version’s looks won over the fans of the breed because they proved they were equally as fit and athletic in the walking competition.

Recently, many people have tried to recreate a breed more akin to the original bullbaiter. Examples of the trend are the Olde English Bulldogge, Renascence Bulldogge, Victorian, Continental and Dorset Old Tyme Bulldog. The American Kennel Club does not recognize any of these newly "recreated" breeds of dogs.

Popular mascots

Main article: List of Bulldog mascots
Because of its tenacity, the bulldog is a symbol of the United Kingdom and is a popular mascot of dozens of American universities, as well as numerous high schools throughout the United States of America.

It is commonly accepted that Handsome Dan, the Bulldog mascot for Yale University, is the oldest-running traditional live mascot in the United States, since some incarnation of Handsome Dan has served at Yale for more than a century.[citation needed]

A bulldog named Chesty is the official mascot of the United States Marine Corps.

The University of Georgia's mascot is also a bulldog name Uga

This information thanks to Wikipidia!


Although the exact origins of the English Bulldog breed are clouded by the mists of time, it is believed that the breed started from mastiffs imported to England almost 1,700 years ago. These animals, which would scarcely be recognizable as a modern bulldog, were originally used by butchers and farmers to bring livestock down for slaughtering.

An 80-pound English Bulldog was said to have the ability of bringing down a bull weighing almost two tons, by clamping itself onto the sensitive flesh around the bull’s nose.

If the bull would not submit because of the pain, it was said that the Bulldog would thrash itself about. This thrashing would upset the bull’s balance, causing it to topple to the ground. While this early purpose of the English Bulldog was
relatively useful, the next English Bulldog use was simply for sport.

English Bulldogs were used to "bait" bulls, bears, and other large animals. This practice usually involved tethering the larger animal in a pit or pen, and then releasing the dog to topple it to the ground. When bull baiting was banned in
1835, English Bulldogs became breeding stock for fighting dogs used in the pits of dogfights all over England.

Despite these violent origins, the English Bulldog has developed into a very friendly and docile animal. Throughout their history, English Bulldogs have been
famed for being slow to anger, regal, and stubborn. This reputation has also been applied to the English people themselves, particularly during the darkest days of World War II. Additionally, English Bulldogs have become popular
mascots and emblems for sports teams.

Many famous people have owned English Bulldogs as pets, including a few U.S. presidents to include Calvin Coolidge. His Bulldog was called Boston Beans, while Warren Harding also had a bulldog named Old Boy. Truman Capote had a bulldog named Maggie, and the famous singing duo, Captain and Tennille, made their bulldogs famous by including them on the popular 1970s music and variety television show. Their bulldogs were named Broderick and Elizabeth.

          This information thanks to "The Healthy Bulldog".

 

 


     
 
 

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